Eram Garden, one of the nine historical Persian gardens, a World Heritage, was built in the 13th century most likely by the Illkhanate or a paramount chief of Qashqai tribes in Shiraz and is located near the Khoshk Rod River, the main river of Shiraz.
The earliest layout, quadripartite Persian heavenly garden was probably laid in the 11th century by the Seljuks and was less decorative.
The Garden has been renovated over years, belonging to Qavami Family, it was designed by a local architect, including 32 rooms on two floors, decorated by tiles with poems on them.
Today, the complex is within Shiraz Botanical Garden of Shiraz University since 1983 and is open to the public as a world heritage landmark.
As a symbol of Paradize on the earth notable plants are ample in the garden including various plant types.
The Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, the oldest one in Isfahan, reconstructed and renovated from 8th century to the end of the 20th century, is a veritable masterpiece of Islamic architecture.
Prior to Islam, this place was a worship house for Zoroastrian, and by the advent of the Islam in Iran, replaced with a mosque and became as a congregational mosque, used for the principal Islamic Friday prayer and sermon.
This mosque has four Iwans in each direction, placing four gates face to face.
An Iwan is a vaulted open place. The Iwans are elaborately decorated with the Islamic niche-like cells called Muqarnas which are usually based on symmetrical and perspective patterns.
The main constructions under the Seljuk dynasty include the addition of two brick domed chambers while the mosque was renowned in that era.
Two domes on the north-south axis was a masterpiece in Persian architecture due to structural clarify and geometric balance.
Later the four-iwan form was complete and this type became prevalent in Iran and the rest of the Islamic architecture.
Owing to practical requirements of the space and political ambition, religious developments, further modifications took place incorporating elements from the Mongols, Muzzafarids, Timurids and Safavids.
Notably and elaborately carved stucco Altar commissioned in 1310 by the Illkhanid ruler Oljuytu, located in a side prayer hall within the western arcade is a lively incredible feat.
Safavid intervention was highly decorative, with mugarnas, glazed tile-works, and also minarets flanking the south Iwan.