Ganjnameh Inscription, Hamedan

Ganjnameh Inscriptions, Hamedan
Ganjnameh Inscriptions, Hamedan

Ganjnameh including two cuneiform rock carvings which literally means ‘Treasure Map’ was believed to encompass cryptic clues to caches fo Median treasure. it is situated near Hamedan or ancient Ecbatana.

The site was actually on the pathway of west-east in ancient time on the heights of Alvand mountain (~3,500m), near Ekbatana. Ekbatana functioned as the summer capital of Achaemenids due to its height and pleasant weather.

The carved signs are in three languages Ancient Persian, Neo-Babylonian and Neo-Elamite on 2×3 m2 tablets. The upper left inscription was created on the order of Darius the Great and the right one by king Xerxes the Great.

In 1841 AD French and British archeologist could decrypt the ancient Persian cuneiform signs.

Ganjnameh Painting, by Eugène Flandin, about 1841 ad
Ganjnameh Painting, by Eugène Flandin, about 1841 AD

The Darius tablet translation says:
Ahura Mazda is the great God, who created the earth, created the sky, created the human being, created happiness for the humans, inaugurated Darius as the king, A King among several Kings, a ruler between several ones, I am Darius the Great King, King of Kings, King of different countries and ethnic groups, King of far lands, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenid.

The Xerxes tablet translation is very similar.

There is also a 9-meter waterfall near this site.