Ganjnameh Inscription, Hamedan

Ganjnameh Inscriptions, Hamedan
Ganjnameh Inscriptions, Hamedan

Ganjnameh including two cuneiform rock carvings which literally means ‘Treasure Map’ was believed to encompass cryptic clues to caches fo Median treasure. it is situated near Hamedan or ancient Ecbatana.

The site was actually on the pathway of west-east in ancient time on the heights of Alvand mountain (~3,500m), near Ekbatana. Ekbatana functioned as the summer capital of Achaemenids due to its height and pleasant weather.

The carved signs are in three languages Ancient Persian, Neo-Babylonian and Neo-Elamite on 2×3 m2 tablets. The upper left inscription was created on the order of Darius the Great and the right one by king Xerxes the Great.

In 1841 AD French and British archeologist could decrypt the ancient Persian cuneiform signs.

Ganjnameh Painting, by Eugène Flandin, about 1841 ad
Ganjnameh Painting, by Eugène Flandin, about 1841 AD

The Darius tablet translation says:
Ahura Mazda is the great God, who created the earth, created the sky, created the human being, created happiness for the humans, inaugurated Darius as the king, A King among several Kings, a ruler between several ones, I am Darius the Great King, King of Kings, King of different countries and ethnic groups, King of far lands, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenid.

The Xerxes tablet translation is very similar.

There is also a 9-meter waterfall near this site.

Hasanlu Archeological Mound

Hassanlu Mound
Hassanlu Mound

 

Hasanlu Mound or Teppe Hasanlu is an archeological site of an ancient city located in northwest Iran in Solduz Valley near Naqadeh.

 

People had been living in this town since 6th millennium BC. It was destroyed by the Assyrians multiple times. The site consists of a 25m high central citadel mound, with massive fortifications and paved streets, surrounded by a mow outer town.

Bronze Drinking Vessel, Found in Hasanlu
Bronze Drinking Vessel, Found in Hasanlu

The excavations have divided the site’s history into ten periods based on the nature of material findings in several layers.

This site is also famous for the Golden bowl of Hasanlu and the Hasanlu Lovers.

Hasanlu Golden Cup
Hasanlu Golden Cup

The Golden Bowl was discovered by the Pennsylvania University team member which is estimated to be around 3200 years or older. An array of three deities in chariots appears in the upper field, moving from left to right, meeting a delegation of three walking or standing men facing left.

Hasanlu Cup Extended SchemeHasanlu Cup Extended Scheme

The Hasanlu Lovers are human skeletons, seemingly in an embrace, which were identified as two males. Its photograph earned the title Hasanlu Lovers or The 2800 Years Old Kiss.

2800-year-old Lovers, Hasanlu
2800-year-old Lovers, Hasanlu